Extracellular antibodies are ideal research tools for cell-surface proteins.
No permeabilization/fixation because using extracellular antibodies allows you to work with live cells!
Benefits of live cell imaging:
✓ Monitor cell movement
✓ Study protein transport across the cell
✓ Investigate protein internalization
The transport of Glu into the cells by the EAAT transporters is coupled to the Na+ and K+ electrochemical gradient as a driving force. Hence, the uptake of Glu is dependent on the co-transport of three Na+ and one H+ ions, and the counter transport of one K+ ion.
In addition, to the well documented Glu uptake, the EAAT transporters show a Glu-independent Cl– conductance. The physiological significance of the Cl– current through the EAATs is currently unknown.