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This product is freeze dried. All water molecules have been removed.
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Rat lung and tongue, human U-87 astrocytoma and colorectal adenocarcinoma (Colo 205) cell lysates, mouse MS1 endothelial cell and colon lysates (1:200-1:1000).Western blot analysis of rat lung (lanes 1 and 3), rat tongue (lanes 2 and 4), human U-87 astrocytoma cells (lanes 5 and 7) and mouse MS1 endothelial cells (lanes 6 and 8) lysates:1,2,5,6. Anti-GPR120/FFAR4 (extracellular) Antibody (#AFR-014), (1:200).
3,4,7,8. Anti-GPR120/FFAR4 (extracellular) Antibody, preincubated with the control peptide antigen.Western blot analysis of mouse colon (lanes 11 and 13) and human colorectal adenocarcinoma (Colo 205) cell line (lanes 12 and 14) lysates:9,10. Anti-GPR120/FFAR4 (extracellular) Antibody (#AFR-014), (1:200).
11,12. Anti-GPR120/FFAR4 (extracellular) Antibody, preincubated with the control peptide antigen.
Human THP-1 monocytic leukemia cells (2.5 μg/0.5x106 cells).
Free fatty acid receptor 4 (FFAR4, GPR120), is a member of the rhodopsin family of 7-transmembrane domain G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). GPR120/FFAR4 is activated by long chain fatty acids. The protein is a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). GPR120 is associated to insulin sensitizing, anti-inflammatory, and fat metabolism. Evidence shows that GPR120 may be involved in the development of obesity in mice and humans1-4. GPR120 regulates various physiological processes, including gut hormone secretion, islet function, osteoclastogenesis, anti-inflammation, and adipogenesis2-4.
GPR120 binds to omega-3 fatty acids and stabilizes the metabolic homeostasis through a cascade of physiological activities. GPR120 exerts its physiological effects through one of two pathways that involves either Gαq or β-arrestin2,3.
GPR120 has been shown to be ubiquitously expressed and is primarily detected in the intestine, adipocytes, and pro-inflammatory macrophages1,2.