Citalopram

A Blocker of KV2 Channels and an Inhibitor of 5HT Uptake
    Cat #: C-195
  • Lyophilized Powder
  • Bioassay Tested
  • Source Synthetic
    MW: 324.4
    Purity: >99%
    Form Lyophilized powder.
    Effective concentration 0.1-100 µM.
      • Citalopram
    Chemical name 1-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-5-isobenzofurancarbonitrile.
    Molecular formula C20H21FN2O.
    CAS No.: 59729-33-8.
    Activity Citalopram inhibits serotonin uptake1 and blocks KV2.2 and KV2.1 channels2.
    Shipping and storage Shipped at room temperature. Product as supplied can be stored intact at room temperature for several weeks. For longer periods, it should be stored at -20°C.
    Solubility 50 mM in DMSO. Centrifuge all product preparations before use (10 000 x g 1 min).
    Storage of solutions Up to four weeks at 4°C or three months at -20°C.
      • Citalopram
        Alomone Labs Citalopram inhibits KV2.1 channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes.
        A. Time course of KV2.1 current amplitude, elicited by 100 ms voltage ramp from holding potential of -100 mV to 100 mV, delivered every 10 seconds. Application of 100 µM Citalopram (#C-195) inhibits the KV2.1 current in a reversible manner (indicated by the horizontal bar).
        B. Representative current traces before and during application of 100 µM Citalopram as indicated.
    References - Scientific background
      • Citalopram is an extremely potent and highly selective bicyclic serotonin-reuptake inhibitor (SSRIs) with IC50 value of 275 nM1. The SSRIs selectively potentiate 5-HT neurotransmission by inhibiting serotonin reuptake. Citalopram competes with serotonin and imipramine for a common binding site1. The high specificity results in minimal effects on other neurotransmitter receptors and uptake. Thus, citalopram shows fewer of the anticholinergic or adrenolytic side effects associated with other psychotropic agents and has minimal cardiotoxic side effects.

        Citalopram is structurally unrelated to other antidepressants, but it contains the chemical features associated with reversal of drug resistance2. Citalopram is used for the management of depression. Citalopram is also used for treating obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, premenstrual dysphoric syndrome (PMDD), anxiety disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder.

        Citalopram also blocks KV2.1 and KV2.2 channels3.

    Target KV2 K+ channels
    Last update: 02/09/2019

    Citalopram (#C-195) is a highly pure, synthetic, and biologically active compound.

    For research purposes only, not for human use