Every lot is tried & tested in a relevant biological assay.
- Alomone Labs NS-1619 enhances KCa1.1 currents in Xenopus oocytes.A. Families of KCa1.1 channel current responses to increasing voltage step stimulation (from -50 mV to + 50 mV), before (left) and during (right) application of 100 μM NS-1619 (#N-105). Currents were elicited by 100 ms voltage step from -100 mV applied every 10 sec. B. Time course of current amplitude at 0 mV before, during application of 100 μM NS-1619 (green) and upon wash, demonstrating the current amplitude enhancement. C. Voltage dependence of KCa1.1 channel activity enhancement.
The large conductance voltage- and Ca2+-activated K+ (BK) channels, also known as BKCa, KCa1.1, Slo, or MaxiK, play an important role in modulating nerve and muscle cell contractility and excitability1-3. BK channels are activated by both depolarizing voltages and by an increase in intracellular free Ca2+, thus coupling the membrane potential to intracellular signaling.
NS-1619 is a potent and selective KCa1.1 channel modulator (enhancer)4. It has the potential to modulate cell excitability in neurons and smooth muscle5-7. The effect of relaxation of NS-1619 on the BK channel in smooth muscle cells has an EC50 of 10–30 µM. It is also dose-dependent, resulting in a shift of the activation curve by up to -50 mV towards negative membrane potentials, but fully reversible8.
NS-1619 also modulates intracellular Ca2+ by inhibiting SERCA pumps9.