This product is freeze dried. All water molecules have been removed.
Every lot is tried & tested in a relevant biological assay.
This product is sold under license from Alomone Preclinical Ltd.
Alomone Labs Pterinotoxin-1 inhibits rat NaV1.3 and NaV1.8 channels heterologously expressed in HEK and ND7-23 cells, respectively.A. Dose response of NaV channels inhibition by Pterinotoxin-1 (#STT-100). The inhibition was measured in 3-5 cells for each dose in rat NaV1.3 channels expressed in HEK cells and 3-5 cells for rat NaV1.8 expressed in ND7-23 cells (in the presence of 600 nM Tetrodotoxin citrate (#T-550)). B. Example of superimposed current traces of rat NaV1.3 channel activity before and during application of 2 µM of Pterinotoxin-1. Holding potential was -100 mV and currents were stimulated every 10 seconds by a voltage ramp of 40 msec from holding potential to + 60 mV. C. Example of superimposed current traces of rat NaV1.8 channel activity before and during application of 2 µM of Pterinotoxin-1 (both in the presence of 600 nM Tetrodotoxin (with citrate)). The same voltage protocol was used as in graph B.
- Meir, A., Cherki, R.S., Kolb, E., Langut, Y., Bajayo, N., 2011. Novel peptides isolated from spider venom, and uses thereof. U.S. Patent Application Publication # US 2011/0065647 A1.
- Sheets, P.L. et al. (2008) J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 326, 89.
- Zimmermann, K. et al. (2007) Nature 447, 855.
- Amir, E. et al. (2006) J. Pain 7, S1.
Pterinotoxin-1 is isolated from the Pterinochilus murinus (Usambara) spider venom and is a synthetic version of the peptide1.
Pterinotoxin-1 inhibits voltage-gated rat NaV1.3, NaV1.7 and NaV1.8 Na+ channels.
Voltage-gated Na+ channels (VGSC, NaV) play a critical role in excitability of nociceptors (pain-sensing neurons). The peripheral-specific Na+ channels NaV1.7, NaV1.8 and NaV1.9 are particularly important in the pathophysiology of different pain syndromes and, hence, thought to be potential targets for pain therapeutics2-3.
The expression and functional properties of NaV channels in peripheral sensory neurons can be dynamically regulated following axonal injury or peripheral inflammation4.
Pterinotoxin-1 (#STT-100) is a highly pure, synthetic, and biologically active peptide toxin.
- Phrixotoxin-3 (#STP-720)
- Huwentoxin-IV (#STH-100)
- Ceratotoxin-2 (#STC-100)
- Anti-SCN3A (NaV1.3) Antibody (#ASC-004)
- Anti-NaV1.7 (SCN9A) Antibody (#ASC-008)
- Anti-NaV1.8 (SCN10A) Antibody (#ASC-016)
- Pterinotoxin-2 (#STT-150)
- VSTX3 (#STT-350)
- Tetrodotoxin citrate (#T-550)
- ProTx-II (#STP-100)
- NaV Channel Blockers for Pain Research Explorer Kit (#EK-375)