Extracellular antibodies are ideal research tools for cell-surface proteins.
No permeabilization/fixation because using extracellular antibodies allows you to work with live cells!
Benefits of live cell imaging:
✓ Monitor cell movement
✓ Study protein transport across the cell
✓ Investigate protein internalization
Many physiological, endocrine and behavioral functions are determined and regulated by monoamine signaling. Many brain disorders such as depression, drug abuse, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are caused by the malfunction of monoaminergic transmission. The intensity of monoaminergic signaling is determined by the availability of the monoamine, which is in turn determined in part by its uptake from the extracellular milieu via monoamine transporters. These transporters include DAT, SERT, and NET, responsible for uptaking dopamine, serotonin (5-HT) and noradrenaline respectively, and recycling them back for release. DAT, SERT and NET are members of the Na+/Cl– dependent membrane transporter family which also includes other members.