Extracellular antibodies are ideal research tools for cell-surface proteins.
No permeabilization/fixation because using extracellular antibodies allows you to work with live cells!
Benefits of live cell imaging:
✓ Monitor cell movement
✓ Study protein transport across the cell
✓ Investigate protein internalization
Purinergic (P2X) Receptors
The P2X receptors belong to the ligand-gated ion channel family and are activated by extracellular ATP. The structure and function of the P2X receptors, investigated mainly using in vitro models, indicate their involvement in synaptic communication, cell death, and differentiation. Seven mammalian P2X receptor subtypes (P2X1–P2X7) have been identified and cloned. All P2X receptor subtypes share the same structure of intracellular N and C-termini two membrane-spanning domains and a large extracellular loop.