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Histamine Receptors

Histamine (2-[4-imidazole]ethylamine) is a low-molecular-weight amine synthesized from L-histidine. It is produced by various cells throughout the body, including central nervous system neurons, gastric mucosa parietal cells, mast cells, basophils and lymphocytes. Histamine is a major biological mediator whose functions include, among many others, regulation of vascular smooth muscle, immune regulation, regulation of sleep-wake cycles and regulation of gastric acid secretion.
The biological effects of histamine are mediated through four receptors (H1– H4 Histamine receptors) all of which belong to the 7-transmembrane domain, G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily.