Anti-Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor α7 (extracellular)-FITC Antibody

nAChRα7, Alpha7 Nicotinic Cholinergic Receptor, CHRNA7
  • New
Cat #: ANC-007-F
Sizes: 50 µl
  • Lyophilized Powder
  • Antigen Incl.
  • FITC
  • QC Tested
  • Shipped at Room Temp.
  • Type: Polyclonal
    Source: Rabbit
    Reactivity: h, m, r
    Immunogen
    Peptide (C)KELVKNYNPLER, corresponding to amino acid residues 31-42 of rat nAChRα7 (Accession Q05941). Extracellular, N-terminus.
    Accession (Uniprot) Number Q05941
    Gene ID 25302
    Peptide confirmation Confirmed by amino acid analysis and mass spectrometry.
    Homology Mouse, human – identical.
    Purity Affinity purified on immobilized antigen.
    Formulation Lyophilized powder. Reconstituted antibody contains phosphate buffered saline (PBS), pH 7.4, 1% BSA, 0.05% NaN3.
    Label Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC).
    Storage before reconstitution The antibody ships as a lyophilized powder at room temperature. Upon arrival, it should be stored at -20°C.
    Reconstitution 50 µl double distilled water (DDW).
    Antibody concentration after reconstitution 1 mg/ml.
    Storage after reconstitution The reconstituted solution can be stored at 4°C, protected from the light, for up to 1 week. For longer periods, small aliquots should be stored at -20°C. Avoid multiple freezing and thawing. Centrifuge all antibody preparations before use (10000 × g 5 min).
    Control antigen storage before reconstitution Lyophilized powder can be stored intact at room temperature for 2 weeks. For longer periods, it should be stored at -20°C.
    Control antigen reconstitution 100 µl double distilled water (DDW).
    Control antigen storage after reconstitution -20ºC.
    Preadsorption Control 1 μg peptide per 1 μg antibody.
    Standard quality control of each lot Western blot analysis (unlabeled antibody), and direct flow cytometry (labeled antibody).
    Applications: fc
    May also work in: ic*, lci*
    Direct flow cytometry
    Direct flow cytometry of live intact mouse J774 macrophage cells:
    ___ Cells.
    ___ Cells + rabbit IgG isotype control-FITC.
    ___ Cells + Anti-Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor α7 (extracellular)-FITC Antibody (#ANC-007-F), (5 µg).
    Direct flow cytometry of live intact human THP-1 monocytic leukemia cells:
    ___ Cells.
    ___ Cells + rabbit IgG isotype control-FITC.
    ___ Cells + Anti-Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor α7 (extracellular)-FITC Antibody (#ANC-007-F), (2.5 µg).
    References
    1. Albuquerque, E.X. et al (2009) Physiol. Rev. 89, 73.
    2. Karlin, A. et al. (1986) Ann. NY. Acad. Sci. 463, 53.
    3. Kalamida, D. et al. (2007) FEBS J. 274, 3799.
    4. Fu, X.W. et al. (2009) Am. J. Respir. Mol. Biol. 41, 93.
    5. De Rosa, M.J. et al. (2009) Life Sci. 85, 449.
    6. Potter, D. et al. (2006) Schizophr. Bull. 32, 692.
    7. Haberberger, R.V. et al. (2004) Auton. Neurosci. 113, 32.
    Scientific background

    Acetylcholine, released by cholinergic neurons, activates two groups of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs); muscarinic AChRs (mAChRs) which belong to the superfamily of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) and nicotinic AChRs (nAChRs) which belong to the ligand-gated ion channel superfamily. nAChRs also respond to nicotine, hence their name1. These channel receptors are usually non-selective cation channels activated upon ligand binding which ultimately leads to the depolarization of postsynaptic cell membranes.

    To date, 17 different but related subunits of nAChRs have been identified and cloned. They consist of a subunits (α1-10), which is responsible for the binding of ligands. In fact, this subunit includes a Cys-loop in the first extracellular domain that is required for agonist binding2. The other subunits responsible for making up the active receptor are the β (β1-4), γ, δ and ε subunits3. Structurally, all subunits have the following: a conserved large extracellular N-terminal domain, 3 conserved transmembrane domains, a variable cytoplasmic loop and a fourth transmembrane domain with a short extracellular C-terminal domain.  An active nAChR is generally a heteropentamer (homopentamers also exist) of these various subunits organized around a central pore1. However, the α7 subunit mainly forms homomeric functional structures, although functional channels have been observed with its association with α5, β2 or β3 subunits1.

    Interestingly, the α7 nAChR is the only subunit to be activated by two endogenous ligands: acetylcholine and choline1.
    All α subunits are expressed in neuronal cells except for the α1 subunit which is specifically expressed in skeletal muscle. They are also expressed in non-neuronal cells such as bronchial epithelial cells
    4, as well lymphocytes5. The diversity of these receptors and their functional organization gives rise to unique properties and functions. The α4β2 receptor composition makes up a high affinity nicotinic receptor. In fact, its upregulation (mainly expressed by the increase of functional receptors at the membrane and not expression per se) is responsible for the increased appearance of binding sites following nicotine administration1,3.

    α7 nAChR seems to be involved in the impairment of sensory gating in schizophrenic individuals. Indeed, many polyphormisms have been detected in the gene promoter of the receptor6. There is also an association of the receptor with nociception as it, along with α2 and α10 subunits are expressed in DRGs, the nociceptive center7.

    Application key:

    CBE- Cell-based ELISA, FC- Flow cytometry, IC- Immunocytochemistry, IE- Indirect ELISA, IFC- Indirect flow cytometry, IH- Immunohistochemistry, IP- Immunoprecipitation, LCI- Live cell imaging, N- Neutralization, WB- Western blot

    Species reactivity key:

    H- Human, M- Mouse, R- Rat
    Last update: 07/06/2018

    Anti-Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor α7 (extracellular) Antibody (#ANC-007) is a highly specific antibody directed against an epitope of the rat protein. The antibody can be used in western blot, immunohistochemistry, immunocytochemistry, live cell imaging, and indirect flow cytometry applications. It has been designed to recognize nAChRα7 from mouse, rat, and human samples.

    Anti-Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor α7 (extracellular)-FITC Antibody (#ANC-007-F) is directly conjugated to fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC). This labeled antibody can be used in immunofluorescent applications such as direct live cell flow cytometry.

    For research purposes only, not for human use