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TSH Receptor

Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), a glycoprotein hormone composed of α and β chains, is produced by thyrotrope cells of the anterior pituitary. The TSH receptor (TSHR) plays a prominent role in thyroid physiology and disease. The established biological function of TSHR in the thyroid gland is to regulate synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones from follicular thyroid cells; it also plays an important role in controlling the growth and development of the thyroid gland.