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4-6. Guinea pig Anti-KV4.2 Antibody, preincubated with the control peptide antigen.
KV4.2 possesses the signature structure of the voltage-dependent K+ channels: six membrane-spanning domains with intracellular N and C termini. As with other members of the voltage-gated K+ channel superfamily, the functional channel is a tetramer that can be composed of more than one member of the Shal subfamily, i.e. heterotetramers of KV4.1 and KV4.3.
The KV4 channels are characterized by activation at subthreshold membrane potentials, inactivate rapidly and recover from inactivation quickly compared with other voltage-dependent K+ channels. This type of current is known as transient A-type K+ currents. For example, depolarization-activated K+ currents in rat neostriatal cholinergic interneurons are predominantly of the A-type and attributable to coexpression of KV4.2 and KV4.1 subunits.2
The biophysical properties of the KV4.2 subunit can be modified by its association with auxiliary β subunits such as the KChIP family that increase KV4.2 current densities and accelerates both the inactivation and the recovery time.
KV4.2 is also highly expressed in the heart where together with KV4.3 underlie the fast inactivating and recovering cardiac transient outward current Ito.3
Several toxins from spider venoms are potent blockers (affecting the channels in the nanomolar range) of KV4.2 channels. Among these the most potent and selective are Stromatoxin-1 (#STS-350), (1.2nM), Phrixotoxin-1 (#STP-700), (5 nM), Phrixotoxin-2 (#STP-710), (34 nM) and Heteropodatoxin-2 (#STH-340), (100 nM).4
Species reactivity key:
Alomone Labs is pleased to offer a highly specific antibody directed against an epitope of rat KV4.2 channel. Guinea pig Anti-KV4.2 Antibody (#AGP-038), raised in guinea pig, can be used in western blot and immunohistochemistry applications. It has been designed to recognize KV4.2 from mouse, rat and human samples. The antigen used to immunize guinea pigs is the same as Anti-KV4.2 Antibody (#APC-023) raised in rabbit. Our line of guinea pig antibodies enables more flexibility with our products such as immuno-colocalization studies, immunoprecipitation, etc.
Antibodies for immuno-colocalization experiments
- Anti-KV4.2-ATTO-633 Antibody (#APC-023-FR). A fluorescent primary antibody. It can be used in immuno-colocalization studies in conjunction with any of our antibodies raised in rabbit.