Anti-D4 Dopamine Receptor Antibody

DRD4, D4DR, D(2C) dopamine receptor
    Cat #: ADR-004
    Alternative Name DRD4, D4DR, D(2C) dopamine receptor
  • Lyophilized Powder
  • Antigen Incl.
  • Type: Polyclonal
    Host: Rabbit
    Reactivity: m, r
      • Peptide (C)RRWEAARHTKLHSR, corresponding to amino acid residues 215-228 of rat DRD4 (Accession P30729). 3rd intracellular loop.
        Anti-D4 Dopamine Receptor Antibody
    Accession (Uniprot) Number P30729
    Gene ID 25432
    Peptide confirmation Confirmed by amino acid analysis and mass spectrometry.
    Homology Mouse - identical; human - 9/14 amino acid residues identical.
    RRID AB_10613635.
    Purity Affinity purified on immobilized antigen.
    Form Lyophilized powder. Reconstituted antibody contains phosphate buffered saline (PBS), pH 7.4, 1% BSA, 0.05% NaN3.
    Isotype Rabbit IgG.
    Storage before reconstitution The antibody ships as a lyophilized powder at room temperature. Upon arrival, it should be stored at -20°C.
    Reconstitution 50 μl or 0.2 ml double distilled water (DDW), depending on the sample size.
    Antibody concentration after reconstitution 0.8 mg/ml.
    Storage after reconstitution The reconstituted solution can be stored at 4°C for up to 1 week. For longer periods, small aliquots should be stored at -20°C. Avoid multiple freezing and thawing. Centrifuge all antibody preparations before use (10000 x g 5 min).
    Negative control antigen storage before reconstitution Lyophilized powder can be stored intact at room temperature for 2 weeks. For longer periods, it should be stored at -20°C.
    Negative control antigen reconstitution 100 µl double distilled water (DDW).
    Negative control antigen storage after reconstitution -20°C.
    Preadsorption Control 1 μg peptide per 1 μg antibody.
    Standard quality control of each lot Western blot analysis.
    Applications: wb
      • Anti-D4 Dopamine Receptor Antibody
        Western blot analysis of rat (lanes 1 and 3) and mouse (lanes 2 and 4) brain lysates:
        1,2. Anti-D4 Dopamine Receptor Antibody (#ADR-004), (1:200).
        3,4. Anti-D4 Dopamine Receptor Antibody, preincubated with the negative control antigen.
    References
      • The dopamine neurotransmitter belongs to the catecholamines and can therefore be further converted into adrenaline and noreadrenaline. Dopamine has various physiological roles, including learning and memory, motor output and endocrine regulation. It does so by binding and activating dopamine receptors which belong to the G-protein coupled receptor superfamily (GPCR)1.

        The D4 dopamine receptor (DRD4) belongs to the D2-like family as do D2 and D3 dopamine receptors. Like all GPCRs, it has seven transmembrane spanning membrane regions. Structure-wise, members of the family share high homology in the transmembrane domains and lower homology in the extracellular N-terminal and the intracellular C-terminal domains. Notably, the coding region of the 3rd intracellular loop of DRD4 is known to undergo extensive polymorphism2.

        Like many GPCRs, each dopamine receptor subtype can react with more than one G-protein giving rise to different signaling possibilities3. Whereas D2-like dopamine receptors are generally considered to couple to Gi, and therefore inhibit adenylyl cyclase, the signaling through DRD4 is complicated due to the polymorphisms in the 3rd intracellular loop. It seems that this region is important to G-coupling as different polyphormisms in the region influence the ability of DRD4 to couple to adenylyl cyclase and G-proteins4,5. D4 dopamine receptors also influence Ca2+ levels3,6. They could also interact with G-protein couple inwardly rectifying K+ channel to ultimately cause a decrease in the firing rate of neurons7.

        The distribution of DRD4 mostly includes the brain and is mainly found post-synaptically in dendritic shafts and spines of mammalian striatum8.

    Application key:

    CBE- Cell-based ELISA, FC- Flow cytometry, ICC- Immunocytochemistry, IE- Indirect ELISA, IFC- Indirect flow cytometry, IF- Immunofluorescence, IHC- Immunohistochemistry, IP- Immunoprecipitation, LCI- Live cell imaging, N- Neutralization, WB- Western blot

    Species reactivity key:

    H- Human, M- Mouse, R- Rat
    Last update: 10/09/2019

    Alomone Labs is pleased to offer a highly specific antibody directed against an epitope located at the 3rd intracellular loop of the rat D4 dopamine receptor. Anti-D4 Dopamine Receptor Antibody (#ADR-004) can be used in western blot analysis, and recognizes DRD4 from rat and mouse samples.

    For research purposes only, not for human use