Anti-Alpha-Synuclein Antibody

α-Synuclein, Non-A4 component of amyloid precursor, Parkinson disease (autosomal dominant, Lewy body) 4, PARK1, PARK4, NACP, SNCA
    Cat #: APZ-035
    Alternative Name α-Synuclein, Non-A4 component of amyloid precursor, Parkinson disease (autosomal dominant, Lewy body) 4, PARK1, PARK4, NACP, SNCA
  • Lyophilized Powder
  • Antigen Incl.
  • Type: Polyclonal
    Host: Rabbit
    Reactivity: m, r
    May also work in: h*
      • Peptide (C)KDQMGKGEEGYPQE, corresponding to amino acid residues 97-110 of rat α-synuclein (Accession P37377). Intracellular, C-terminus.
        Anti-Alpha-Synuclein Antibody
    Accession (Uniprot) Number P37377
    Gene ID 29219
    Peptide confirmation Confirmed by amino acid analysis and mass spectrometry.
    Homology Mouse – identical; human – 11/14 amino acid residues identical.
    RRID AB_2756782.
    Purity Affinity purified on immobilized antigen.
    Form Lyophilized powder. Reconstituted antibody contains phosphate buffered saline (PBS), pH 7.4, 1% BSA, 0.05% NaN3.
    Isotype Rabbit IgG.
    Storage before reconstitution The antibody ships as a lyophilized powder at room temperature. Upon arrival, it should be stored at -20°C.
    Reconstitution 25 µl, 50 µl or 0.2 ml double distilled water (DDW), depending on the sample size.
    Antibody concentration after reconstitution 0.8 mg/ml.
    Storage after reconstitution The reconstituted solution can be stored at 4°C for up to 1 week. For longer periods, small aliquots should be stored at -20°C. Avoid multiple freezing and thawing. Centrifuge all antibody preparations before use (10000 x g 5 min).
    Negative control antigen storage before reconstitution Lyophilized powder can be stored intact at room temperature for 2 weeks. For longer periods, it should be stored at -20°C.
    Negative control antigen reconstitution 100 µl double distilled water (DDW).
    Negative control antigen storage after reconstitution -20°C.
    Preadsorption Control 1 µg peptide per 1 µg antibody.
    Standard quality control of each lot Western blot analysis.
    Applications: wb
    May also work in: ic*, ifc*, ih*, ip*
      • Anti-Alpha-Synuclein Antibody
        Western blot analysis of rat (lanes 1 and 3) and mouse (lanes 2 and 4) brain lysates:
        1,2. Anti-Alpha-Synuclein Antibody (#APZ-035), (1:400).
        3,4. Anti-Alpha-Synuclein Antibody, preincubated with the negative control antigen.
    References
    • 1. Beyer, K. (2006) Acta. Neurophatol. 112, 237.
    • 2. Auluck, P.K. et al. (2010) Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 26, 211.
      • α-Synuclein belongs to the Synuclein family of proteins containing three other members (β-synuclein, γ-synuclein and synoretnin). α-Synuclein is a highly conserved acidic protein that is concentrated mainly in presynaptic axon terminals.

        The gene encoding α-synuclein is known as SNCA or PARK1. α-Synuclein, together with other members of its family, lacks typical secondary structure. In its primary structure, α-synuclein is characterized by seven imperfect 11-residue repeat sequences that are predicted to form five amphipatic helices on the amino terminal half. The acidic, glutamate rich carboxy-terminal region remains unstructured even in the presence of membranes. α-Synuclein helices 1-4 are predicted to associate with lipid vesicles while helix 5 would be responsible for protein-to-protein interaction. The protein interacts and with DAT, the dopamine transporter, and thus is involved in dopamine signaling. Under pathological conditions, α-synuclein can undergo conformational changes leading to protein aggregation and deposition.

        α-Synuclein shares structural homology with the 14-3-3 family of chaperon proteins and its expression is upregulated during periods of accelerated neuronal activity and plasticity thus suggesting it might be functioning as a molecular chaperon capable of binding to other intercellular proteins.

        α-Synuclein has been implicated in the pathophysiology of Parkinson’s disease (PD) and Lewy body dementia (DLB). Mutations A30P and A3T are associated with PD while mutation E46K has been linked to DLB. These mutated α-synucleins form fibrils more rapidly than the wild-type protein in aqueous solution1. α-Synucleins are the major components of Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites in both diseases2.

    Application key:

    CBE- Cell-based ELISA, FC- Flow cytometry, ICC- Immunocytochemistry, IE- Indirect ELISA, IFC- Indirect flow cytometry,
    IF- Immunofluorescence, IHC- Immunohistochemistry, IP- Immunoprecipitation, LCI- Live cell imaging, N- Neutralization, WB- Western blot

    Species reactivity key:

    H- Human, M- Mouse, R- Rat
    Last update: 15/08/2019

    Anti-Alpha-Synuclein Antibody (#APZ-035) is a highly specific antibody directed against an epitope of the rat protein. It can be used in western blot analysis. It has been designed to recognize α-Synuclein from human, mouse, and rat samples.

    For research purposes only, not for human use